The Bakke Case Race Education And Affirmative Action

Author: Howard Ball
Publisher: University Press of Kansas
ISBN: 0700610464
Size: 24.81 MB
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Twice denied admission to a California medical school despite better grades and test scores than successful minority applicants, Allan Bakke took his grievance to court and set off a major controversy over affirmative action. Bakke claimed that he was a victim of reverse discrimination, and his case has been considered by many as the most important civil rights decision since the end of segregation—and also one of the most difficult ever heard by the Supreme Court.

Howard Ball now reviews the many issues raised by this case that placed affirmative action on trial. He examines the law and politics surrounding Bakke in an even-handed manner, presenting both sides of the debate and discussing key arguments presented by pressure groups. He also offers a behind-the-scenes look at what transpired during the months between oral arguments before the Court and the justices' final decision, including secret conference sessions and judicial memos.

While four justices confirmed that Bakke had been the victim of reverse discrimination, four others agreed that the school's affirmative action plan was a logical application of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Justice Lewis Powell sided with both viewpoints, resulting in Bakke's admission to the school and the upholding of affirmative action. The Court's unusual split decision invalidated UC-Davis's quota program for minorities but also struck down a California court's ruling that race could not be used as a factor in considering applicants.

In light of eroding public support for affirmative action today, Ball examines the impact of Bakke and its use as a precedent. He also reviews recent events such as California Proposition 209, Washington Initiative 200, the "One Florida Initiative" program, and the Supreme Court's refusal to overturn Texas v. Hopwood—a decision that forced the University of Texas to eliminate affirmative action in its law school.

As affirmative action continues to divide judges, legislatures, and citizens, the fragile consensus forged by Justice Powell seems to be collapsing. This book offers essential background for anyone interested in the controversy, helping readers to better understand the dynamics of Supreme Court decision making in emotionally charged litigation and to arrive at a more informed opinion over this vexing issue.

The Bakke Case

Author: Rebecca Stefoff
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish
ISBN: 9780761419396
Size: 26.84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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1 1. p. 28. University of California Regents v. Bakke. 428 U.S. 265 (1978). p. 28.
Rachel Kranti. Affirmative Action. New York: Facts On File, 2002, p. 3o. ... The
Bakke Case: Race. Education, and Affirmative Action. Lawrence: University Press
of ...

Affirmative Action

Author: A. M. Babkina
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781590335703
Size: 54.28 MB
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Surveying the Current Legal Landscape for Affirmative Action in Admissions, 74
Taking Sides, 74 Task Force report on ... Landmark Law Cases and American
Society, 75 The Bakke case: race, education, and affirmative action, 17 The
Bakke ...

Historic U S Court Cases

Author: John W. Johnson
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415937566
Size: 18.63 MB
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four vacancies, and minority students could compete for all one hundred
vacancies, Powell found that Bakke's rights ... Good, bad, neutral — the Bakke
case was a mixed decision. ... The Bakke Case: Race, Education and Affirmative

Regents Of The University Of California V Bakke

Author: Tim McNeese
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
ISBN: 1438103417
Size: 57.11 MB
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TheBakke Case: Race, Education, and Affirmative Action. Lawrence: University
Press of Kansas, 2000. Cottroll, Robert J., Raymond T. Diamond, and Leland B.
Ware. Brown v. Board of Education: Caste, Culture, and the Constitution.


Author: Richard Sander
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0465030017
Size: 50.90 MB
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How Affirmative Action Hurts Students It's Intended to Help, and Why Universities
Won't Admit It Richard Sander, ... Howard Ball, The Bakke Case: Race, Education
, and Affirmative Action (Lawrence, University Press of Kansas, 2000), 46–48.

Between Citizens And The State

Author: Christopher P. Loss
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400840058
Size: 65.16 MB
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On the history of affirmative action in general, with special reference to the Bakke
case in particular, see Terry H. ... (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979); and
Howard Ball, The Bakke Case: Race, Education, and Affirmative Action ...

Sex Race And Merit

Author: Faye J. Crosby
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472067343
Size: 26.45 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Traces the history of this divisive national issue, as reflected in the writings of key opinion makers and in public documents

Culture Wars

Author: Roger Chapman
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 0765622505
Size: 31.99 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 1996
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10 Affirmative Action defendants, but the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth
District found that, based on statistical evidence, the packing company had
discriminated against the ... The Bakke Case: Race, Education, and Affirmative

How We Do Harm

Author: Otis Webb Brawley, MD
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
ISBN: 1429941502
Size: 38.77 MB
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Chapters 10 and 11 For an overview of the Bakke case and the issue of
affirmative action, see Howard Ball, The Bakke Case: Race, Education, and
Affirmative Action (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2000). The acceptance
of the end ...